Research methods and techniques (analytical package)


Earth and environmental sciences (2nd level)

Paleobiology and sedimentary geology (2nd Cycle)

Course code: MTP01
Year of study: 1st year

Course principal:
Assist. Prof. Andrea Martín Pérez, Ph. D.


Workload: lectures 15 hours, tutorial 20 hours, individual work 40 hours.
Course type: elective
Languages: Slovene, English
Learning and teaching methods: lectures (0.5 ECTS), practical training (5 methods x 0.5 ECTS).


Course syllabus (download)


First-cycle Bologna degree or a university degree in the natural sciences.


Content (Syllabus outline):

Overview of modern analytical methods in sedimentology and palaeontology:

  • Basic field techniques
  • Preparation of thin secions
  • Micropalaeontological techniques
  • Scanning electron microscopy with electron-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM / EDS)
  • Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
  • X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD)
  • Cathodoluminescence
  • Microtomography
  • Stable isotopes analysis
  • FTIR and Raman spectroscopy



Selected chapters and papers

  • Tucker, M.E. (ed.) 1988 Techniques in Sedimentology. Blackwell Scientific, 1-
  • Goldstein, J.I. [et al.], 2003: Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray microanalysis, 3rd Springer, 1-673.
  • Jenkins, R. & Snyder, R.L., 1996. X-Ray powder diffractometry,. Wiley & Sons, 1-95- 231-286, 319-387.
  • Martin, R.E. 2000. Environmental micropaleontology. Springer, 1-481.
  • Coe, A.L. (ed.) 2010: Geological Field Techniques. Wiley-Blackwell,1-137, 206-260.


Objectives and competences:

The student is able to select and apply appropriate analytical methods depending on the material and the problem investigated. He is capabe to evaluate and interpret the results of the analyses.


Intended learning outcomes:

Knowledge and understanding:

The student is familiar with basic chemical and physical principles underlying the various analytical techniques. He knows for what kind  of samples and problems each of the techniques is appropriate and how the results can be applied. He knows the principles of sample preparation and the requirements and limitations of each technique. He is able to perform analyses with individual instruments and interpret the results.



Oral exam (50 %), written reports (50 %).