Comparative Studies of Ideas and Cultures (3rd level)Modul:
Course code: 20
Year of study: Without
Workload: lectures 60 hours, seminar 30 hours
Course type: general elective
Learning and teaching methods: lectures, discussions classes
Objectives and competences
The notion “romanization” describes the complex processes of fusing Roman-Mediterranean and indigenous cultures. Depending on the historical background, inclusion into the Roman state had different effects in different regions. It could represent a breakdown or continuity. The Roman state was very adaptable and had great power of integration. The aim of this course is to present the complicated gradual changes from the third century BC to the first century AD in central Europe and the Balkans. This represents the period from the first contacts of the indigenous population with the Romans to inclusion into the Roman state, the stabilization of Roman authority, and assuming various aspects of Roman culture. Important topics such as military history, administrative organization, trade and transport connections, and chronology are included in this course.
At least a passive understanding of German, English, Italian, and French is recommended.
Content (Syllabus outline)
Various aspects of the Roman advance into central Europe and the Balkans are discussed. The course presents the great changes that appeared with Roman occupation in settlement, urbanization, religion, economics, and society. The differences between regions in the acceptance and transfer of Roman influences are analysed. The indigenous culture at the beginning of the Roman period is also discussed. Romanization can be divided into two phases: the phase before official or stable inclusion into the Roman state, and the phase after this. First, the chronological issues between the second century BC and the second century AD are discussed. The small material culture of indigenous groups in the south-eastern Alps (Caput Adriae, the area along the Soča River, the Taurisci, and the Norici) is presented, as well as Roman material culture and its influence on the indigenous material culture. Emphasis is placed on those groups of material that have important chronological, cultural, and historical implications. Research on trade presents one of the most important sources for understanding the economic development of the Roman Empire. The trade connections of the Late Republican and Early Imperial periods are discussed, such as long-distance trade in the Mediterranean area as well as the trade routes from Italy to central Europe. An important set of questions is connected with the Roman army. Literary sources are compared with archaeological remnants (fortifications, epigraphic sources, and small material – e.g., military equipment).
- First contacts with the Roman world in the second century BC:
- Historical sources
- Archaeological sources
- The first century BC: before stable inclusion into the Roman state and the period of occupation:
- Chronological problems in the second and first centuries BC
- Small material culture of the indigenous groups in the south-eastern Alps (Caput Adriae, the area along the Soča River, the Taurisci, and the Norici)
- Roman material culture of the Late Republican and Augustan periods and its influence on indigenous material culture
- Trade connections of the Late Republican and Augustan periods (long-distance trade in the Mediterranean area as well as trade from Italy to central Europe)
- Differences between regions
- The Roman army of the Late Republican and Augustan periods
- Early Imperial period:
- Introduction of new administrative organization
- Changes in settlement
- Roman material culture and special regional features
- The army
- Archäologische Forschungen zu den Grabungen auf dem Magdalensberg 1-14. Kärntner Museumsschriften, Klagenfurt, 1967-2003.
- Božič, D. 1999. Die Erforschung der Latènezeit in Slowenien seit Jarh 1964. Arheološki vestnik 50: 189-213.
- Creighton, J. D. in R. J. A. Wilson ur. 1999. Roman Germany. Studies in cultural interaction. Journal of Roman archaeology, Supp. ser. 32, Portsmouth.
- Demetz, S. 1999. Fibeln der spätlatène- und frühen römischen Kaiserzeit in den Alpenländern. Frühgeschichtliche und provinzialrömische Archäologie, Materialien und Forschungen 4, Leidorf.
- Die Ausgrabungen auf dem Magdalensberg 1980 bis 1986. Magdalensberg-Grabungsbericht 16, Klagenfurt 1998.
- Horvat, J. 1997. Sermin. Opera Instituti Archaeologici Sloveniae 3, Ljubljana.
- Horvat, J. 1999. Roman Provincial Archaeology in Slovenia Following the Year 1965: Settlement and Small Finds. Arheološki vestnik 50: 215-257.
- Miškec, A. 2003: The Early Romanisation of the Southeastern Alpine Region in the Light of Numismatic Finds. Arheološki vestnik 54: 369-379.
- Slapšak, B. 2003, O koncu prazgodovinskih skupnosti na Krasu. Arheološki vestnik 54: 243-257.
- Šašel, J. 1992: Opera selecta. Situla 30, Ljubljana.
- Šašel Kos, M. 1997. The End of the Norican Kingdom and the Formation of the Provinces of Noricum and Pannonia. V: B. Djurić, I. Lazar ur. Akten des IV. internationalen Kolloquiums über Probleme des provinzialrömischen Kunstschaffens, Situla 36, Ljubljana: 21-42.
- Šašel Kos, M. 2000. Caesar, Illyricum, and the hinterland of Aquileia. V: G. Urso (ur.), L’ultimo Cesare, Roma: 277-304.
- Tassaux, F. 2004. Les importations de l’Adriatique et de l’Italie du nord vers les provinces danubiennes de César aux Sévères. V: G. Urso ur., Dall’Adriatico al Danubio, Pisa: 167-205.
- Tesori della Postumia, Milano 1998.
Active participation in lectures and discussion classes, preparation of the term project, and an exam. Assessment: – The ability to analytically understand individual problems, ability to select a bibliography, ability to engage in analytical and critical thinking, ability to form an argument, and a high level of written language must be demonstrated in the term project. – The oral exam assesses what students have learned through lectures, through reading and analyzing the literature, and their ability to understand and present the issues covered.