Spatial Archaeology – Archaeology in Landscape. Methods and Practice of Studying Landscapes in Archaeology
Comparative Studies of Ideas and Cultures (3rd level)Module:
Course code: 82
Year of study: Without
Workload: lectures 60 hours, seminar 30 hours
Course type: general elective
Learning and teaching methods: lectures, discussions classes
Objectives and competences
The study of landscapes has a venerable tradition in archaeology. The changing approaches towards the subject in the last decades can be discerned by the use of phrases, such as settlement archaeology, spatial archaeology, siedlungsarchaeologie and landscape archaeology. Each term describes a combination of theoretical stances and methods applied and each formed a specific archaeological practice. In the last two decades the progress is no longer grounded in theoretical or methodological advancement but rather on the availability of ever-new technologies. Nowadays, technology makes vast amount of data available for research ranging from micro (e.g. a site) to macro scale (e.g. a region). Therefore, the boundaries between archaeology of a site and landscape archaeology are more and more blurred into one and the result can be described as the archaeology in landscape.
Students will revise the most important archaeological practices of studying landscapes in archaeology. The focus will be on the relevant contemporary approaches that are signified foremost by digital archaeology and so called lidar data (i.e. airborne laser scanning data) in conjunction with other remote sensing methods. The first enables an access to a vast quantity of data. The second has the potential to bear in a few years time an amount of new archaeological data that can be compared to the work of an entire generation of archaeologists that gave us the Archaeological sites of Slovenia catalogue (ANSL).
Both by revising the literature and by practical exercises in selected digital archaeology and/or remote sensing techniques the students will acquire competence to implement an archaeological analysis in landscape.
Content (Syllabus outline)
- an overview of current theories
- an overview of current methods
- web sources of relevant remote sensing data
- web tools for analysis of remote sensing data
- other tools in digital archaeology
Lidar and other remote sensing data
- working with airborne laser scanning data
- working with other remote sensing data
- archaeological interpretation of data
- Ashmore, W., Knapp, B. A. (ed.) 1999, Archaeologies of Landscape: Contemporary Perspectives. Malden, Oxford.
- Aston, M. 1985, Interpreting the Landscape: Landscape Archaeology and Local History. London, New York.
- Bender, B., Winer, M. (ed.) 2001, Contested Landscapes: Movement, Exile and Place. Oxford, New York.
- Chapman, H. 2006, Landscape Archaeology and GIS. Stroud.
- David, B., Thomas, J. (ed.) 2008, Handbook of Landscape Archaeology. Walnut Creek.
- Clark, J., Darlington, J., Fairclough, G. 2004, Using Historic Landscape Characterisation. English Heritage’s review of HLC Applications 2002 – 03. London.
- Doneus, M. 2013, Die hinterlassene Landschaft. Prospektion und Interpretation in der Landschaftsarchäologie. Wien.
- Garmy, P. 2012, Villes, réseaux et systèmes de villes. Contribution de l’archéologie. Paris, Arles.
- Hooke, D. 1997, The Landscape of Anglo-Saxon England. London, New York.
- Howard, P. 2006, Archaeological Surveying and Mapping. Recording and depicting the landscape. London, New York.
- Kuna, M. 2004, Nedestruktivní archeologie. Teorie, metody a cíle. Plzen.
- Lodewijckx, M., Pelegrin, R. (ed.) 2011, A Wew from the Air: Aerial Archaeology and Remote Sensing Techniques. Results and opportunities. Oxford.
- Muir, R. 2004, Landscape Encyclopedia. Macclesfield.
- Olsen, B. 2002, Od predmeta do teksta. Beograd.
- Opitz, R. S., Cowley, D. C. (ed.) 2013, Interpreting Archaeological Topography. Airborne Laser Scanning, 3D Data and Ground Observation. Oxford.
- Parcak, S. H. 2009, Satellite remote sensing for archaeology. London, New York.
- Johnson, M. 2007, Ideas of Landscape. Malden, Oxford, Carlton.
- Sarris, A. (ed.) 2015, Best Practices of GeoInformatic Technologies for the Mapping of Archaeolandscapes. Oxford.
- Tilley, C. 2004, The materiality of stone: explorations in landscape phenomenology 1. Oxford, New York.
- Trigger, B. G. 1967, Settlement Archaeology. Its Goals and Promise, American Antiquity 32 (2), 149-160.
- Ucko, P. J., Layton, R. (ed.) 1999, The Archaeology and Anthropology of Landscape: Shaping your landscape. London, New York.
- Wiseman, J., El-Baz, F. (ed.) 2007, Remote Sensing in Archaeology. New York.
- Badjura, R. 1953, Ljudska geografija: Terensko izrazoslovje. Ljubljana.
- Gams, I. 1974, Kras. Zgodovinski, naravoslovni in geografski oris. Ljubljana.
- Ilešič, S. 1950, Sistemi poljske razdelitve na Slovenskem. – SAZU, Ljubljana.
- Mlekuž, D. 2013, Skin Deep: LiDAR and Good Practice ofLandscape Archaeology. IN: C. Corsi, B. Slapšak, F. Vermeulen (ed.), Good Practice in Archaeological Diagnostics. Non-invasive Survey of Complex Archaeological Sites, 113-131.
- Novaković, P. 2003, Osvajanje prostora: razvoj prostorske in krajinske arheologije. Ljubljana.
- Pleterski, A. 2011, Župa Bled. Nevidna srednjeveška Evropa. Ljubljana.
- Slapšak, B. 1995, Možnosti študija poselitve v arheologiji. Ljubljana.
- Štular, B. 2011, The use of lidar-derived relief models in archaeological topography. The Kobarid region (Slovenia) case study (Uporaba modelov reliefa pridobljenih z lidarskim snemanjem v arheološki topografiji. Študijski primer Kobariške), Arheološki vestnik = Acta archaeologica 62, 393-432.
- Štular, B., Kokalj, Ž., Oštir, K., Nuninger, L. 2012, Visualization of lidar-derived relief models for detection of archaeological features, Journal of Archaeological Science 39 (11), 3354–3360.
- Štular, B. , Lozić, E. 2016, Primernost podatkov projekta Lasersko skeniranje Slovenije za arheološko interpretacijo: metoda in študijski primer. IN: R. Ciglič, M. Geršič, D. Perko, M. Zorn (ed.), Digitalni podatki, Ljubljana, 157-166.
Active participation in lectures and discussion classes, preparation of a term project, and an exam. Assessment:
- The ability to analytically understand individual problems, ability to select a bibliography, ability to exercise analytical and critical thinking, ability to form an argument, and a high level of written language will be demonstrated in the term project.
- The oral exam assesses what students have learned through lectures, through analysing the literature and practical excercise, and their ability to understand and present the issues covered.