COURSE DESCRIPTION

The Linguistic Identity of Slovenian Regions (Dialect as the Original Foundation of Slovenian)


Programme:

Comparative Studies of Ideas and Cultures (3rd level)

Module:
Slovene Studies – tradition and modernity

Course code: 41 

Year of study: Brez letnika 


Course principal:
Prof. Jožica Škofic, Ph.D.

ECTS: 6

Workload: lectures 60 hours, seminar 30 hours

Course type: general elective 

Languages: Slovene 

Learning and teaching methods: lectures, discussion classes 

Objectives and competences

Students learn about the development of Slovenian and its gradual diversification into dialects, the language-internal and language-external reasons for this, the subsequent problems in shaping a common standard language, and the existence of regional versions of standard Slovenian. They familiarize themselves with modern classification of Slovenian dialects, their basic features at all linguistic levels (with a special emphasis on phonology and vocabulary), and various development phases as the basis for reconstructing the history of Slovenian and Slavic languages as well as the nation’s history in general. Dialects are also discussed in terms of social types with attention being drawn to linguistic differences between dialects (and regional subdialects) versus the informal standard form. Students learn that, for most Slovenians, dialects (and regional versions of colloquial language) are their primary native language, on the basis of which an awareness of linguistic, cultural, and national affiliation can also be built.

 

Prerequisites

None required.

 

Content (Syllabus outline)

The material covered in this course is chronologically very extensive (from the end of the sixth century to the present) and conceptually diverse (i.e., language history, establishment of the common standard language, and modern dialects), and therefore it is divided into several specific thematic sections: 

  • Introduction: 

Various methodological approaches to studying language, its development, and modern dialects are presented in addition to the basic achievements of (Slovenian) linguistics in this area, and the inclusion of studies on Slovenian in international geolinguistic studies (especially the Slavic and European Linguistic Atlases). 

  • Overview of the history of Slovenian: 

The development of Slovenian from the final phase of Proto-Slavic to modern dialects is presented. 

  • Development of standard Slovenian: 
    • Dialect bases for the establishment of standard Slovenian in the sixteenth century 
    • Stabilization of the (central) standard norm in the middle of the nineteenth century 
    • Further existence of regional versions of the standard (Slovenian) language 
  • Classification of Slovenian dialects: 
    • Division of Slovenian into dialect groups, dialects, and subdialects (criteria and terminology) 
    • Basic characteristics of individual dialect groups, using authentic dialect texts for confirmation 
  • Dialect differentiation in terms of functional forms: 
    • Everyday practical communication form 
    • Artistic prose and verse in literary folklore 
    • Technical form with dialect terminology 
    • Journalistic texts 
  • Contemporary dialectology issues: 
    • Existence of traditional dialects 
    • Emergence of spoken differences between dialect and informal standard language with different degrees of approximation to one system or another 

In addition to the main coordinator, visiting professors will be able to teach this course as well, especially associates of the ZRC SAZU Fran Ramovš Institute of the Slovenian Language.

 

Readings

  • Logar, Tine. 1993. Slovenska narečja: Besedila. Ljubljana: Mladinska knjiga (Zbirka Cicero).
  • Greenberg, Marc L. 2000. A Historical Phonology of the Slovene Language. Heidelberg.
  • Ramovš, Fran. 1935. Historična gramatika slovenskega jezika VII: Dialekti. Ljubljana.

– 1936. Kratka zgodovina slovenskega jezika I. Ljubljana.

  • Smole, Vera. 2000. Uvod v slovensko dialektologijo. Ljubljana: Filozofska fakulteta (Skripta).

– 2002. Vokalizem, naglas, konzonantizem. Ljubljana: Filozofska fakulteta (Skripta).

  • Cossutta, Rada. 2001. Narečna podoba Križa pri Trstu. Koper: Zgodovinsko društvo za južno Primorsko: Znanstveno-raziskovalno središče Republike Slovenije.
  • Hafner, Stanislaus, Prunč, Erich ur. 1982. Thesaurus der slowenischen Volkssprache in Kaernten 1: A- bis B-. Wien.
  • Kenda-Jež, Karmen, Smole, Vera. 1996. Dosedanje delo in bližnji načrti Mednarodne komisije za sestavo Slovanskega lingvističnega atlasa (OLA). Slavistična revija 44/1, Ljubljana: 94–105
  • Karničar, Ludwig. 1990. Der Obir-Dialekt in Kaernten. Wien.
  • Koletnik, Mihaela. 2001. Slovenskogoriško narečje. Maribor: Slavistično društvo, Zora 12.
  • Logar, Tine. 1996. Dialektološke in jezikovnozgodovinske razprave. (Karmen Kenda-Jež ur.), Ljubljana: ZRC SAZU.
  • Novak, Franc. 1996. Slovar beltinskega prekmurskega govora. Drugo, popravljeno in dopolnjeno izdajo priredil in uredil 
  • Vilko Novak, Murska Sobota: Pomurska založba.
  • Merše, Majda, Jakopin, Franc, Novak, France. 1992. Fonološki sistem knjižnega jezika slovenskih protestantov. Slavistična revija 40/1–2, Ljubljana.
  • Orožen, Martina. 1988. Narečje in knjižni jezik. Seminar slovenskega jezika, literature in kulture: Zbornik predavanj 24, Ljubljana: Filozofska fakulteta: 5–17.

– 1990. Konzonantski sklopi v slovenskem jeziku. Zbornik Matice srpske za filologiju i lingvistiku 33, Novi Sad: 345–350.

– 1994. Odvisnost narečnega besedišča in načina upovedovanja (izražanja) od spreminjajočega se načina življenja. Naš živi jezik = Traditiones: Zbornik Inštituta za slovensko narodopisje 23: 79–86.

  • Ramovš, Fran. 1924. Historična gramatika slovenskega jezika II: Konzonantizem. Ljubljana.

– 1952. Morfologija slovenskega jezika: Skripta, prirejena po predavanjih prof. Fr. Ramovša v l. 1947/48, 48/49. Ljubljana. 

  • Rigler, Jakob. 1963. Južnonotranjski govori. Ljubljana: SAZU. 

– 1968. Začetki slovenskega knjižnega jezika. Ljubljana: SAZU.

– 2001. Zbrani spisi 1: Jezikovnozgodovinske in dialektološke razprave. (Vera Smole ur.), Ljubljana: Založba ZRC.

  • Steenwijk, Han. 1992. The Slovene Dialect of Resia: San Giorgio. Amsterdam – Atlanta.
  • Škofic, Jožica. 2001. Govorica jih izdaja: Skica govora kovaške Krope. Kropa: Tomco.
  • Tominec, Ivan. 1964. Črnovrški dialekt: Kratka monografija in slovar, Ljubljana: SAZU.
  • Weiss, Peter. 1998. Slovar govorov Zadrečke doline med Gornjim Gradom in Nazarjami: Poskusni zvezek (A–H). Ljubljana: ZRC SAZU (zbirka Slovarji).
  • Zorko, Zinka. 1995. Narečna podoba Dravske doline, Maribor: Kulturni forum.

– Haloško narečje in druge dialektološke študije. Maribor: Slavistično društvo, Zora 6.

  • Zorko, Zinka, Koletnik, Mihaela ur. 1999. Logarjev zbornik: Referati s 1. mednarodnega dialektološkega simpozija v Mariboru. Maribor: Slavistično društvo, Zora 8.

 

Assessment

  • Active participation in lecture classes and consultations, and ongoing study of literature. 
  • Students must write a term paper on their (or a selected) dialect and present it in class; they must also pass an oral exam in the material discussed in the lecture classes and presented in the required literature.

MODULE GENERAL ELECTIVE COURSES

Ecoculture: Studies of Animals and Nature in Folklore, Literature and Culture ǀ

Assoc. Prof. Marjetka Golež Kaučič, Ph.D.,

ECTS: 6

Folk and Literary: Folklore and Intertextual Aspects ǀ

Assoc. Prof. Marjetka Golež Kaučič, Ph.D.,

ECTS: 6

Intertextuality and Cultural Memory ǀ

Prof. Marko Juvan, Ph. D.,

ECTS: 6

Ritual ǀ

Assoc. Prof. Marjetka Golež Kaučič, Ph.D.,

ECTS: 6

Short folklore forms in culture and society ǀ

Asist. prof. Saša Babič, Ph. D.,

ECTS: 6

Slovenian Emigrants between Tradition and the Present ǀ

Prof. Marina Lukšič Hacin, Ph.D.,

ECTS: 6

The Language of Objects: Topics in Slovenian Material Culture ǀ

Prof. Maja Godina Golija, Ph.D.,

ECTS: 6

The Role of Woman in Slovenian Society and Culture ǀ

Assoc. Prof. Mirjam Milharčič Hladnik, Ph.D.,

ECTS: 6

Tradition and Ethics ǀ

Prof. Edvard Kovač, Ph.D.,

ECTS: 6

Tragedy in Theater, Culture, and Society ǀ

Prof. Krištof Jacek Kozak, Ph. D.,

ECTS: 6

Word – Music – Ritual ǀ

Assist. Prof. Metoda Kokole, Ph.D.,

ECTS: 6