COURSE DESCRIPTION

Slovenian Emigrants between Tradition and the Present


Programme:

Comparative Studies of Ideas and Cultures (3rd level)

Module:
Slovene Studies – tradition and modernity

Course code: 44 

Year of study: Brez letnika 


Course principal:
Prof. Marina Lukšič Hacin, Ph.D.

ECTS: 6

Workload: lectures 60 hours, seminar 30 hours

Course type: general elective 

Languages: Slovene 

Learning and teaching methods: lectures, discussion classes 

Objectives and competences

To familiarize students with the historical, sociological, and ethnological aspects of emigration and the life of Slovenians in new environments. Special emphasis is placed on their cultural activity, literary production, preservation of ethnic identity, nurturing Slovenian material and cultural tradition abroad, and the original contribution of emigrant creativity to the cultural treasury of the nation of origin on the one hand and multicultural society on the other. Lectures are based on authentic material, primary literature, and the findings of the students’ own empirical studies. In addition, students learn about the theoretical aspects of migration studies and contemporary methodology used for studying migration. The interdisciplinary design of the course provides a comprehensive insight into the issues of Slovenian emigration, which is placed within wider migration context.

 

Prerequisites

None required.

 

Content (Syllabus outline)

The timeframe of the detailed study of Slovenian emigration extends from the first wave of emigrants leaving Slovenian ethnic territory in the first half of the nineteenth century to the current process of “brain drain” today. The content is addressed in four thematic sections: 

  • Introductory theoretical treatment: 
    • Learning about the category apparatus, problematization and justification of the basic concepts, and recognizing the differences in their use in various theories 
    • Learning about various research and methodological procedures and their application 
    • Presentation of basic research findings relevant to studying migrations 
  • Historical outline of Slovenian emigration: 
    • Defining migration (theoretical aspect) and overview of sources and literature 
    • Legal aspects (of emigration and immigration laws) 
    • Demographic aspects of migration 
    • Analysis of gender, age, education, and occupational structure of emigrants 
    • Geographical aspect of emigration (emigration destinations) 
    • Causes and effects of emigration 
    • The attitude of the home environment (authorities, the Church, and concerned individuals) to emigration 
    • The human and social status of immigrants in new environments 
    • Organizing life in the new environment (e.g., social organization, publishing activity, emigrant education, etc.) 
    • The Slovenian contribution to the new environment (e.g., in professional, cultural, scholarly, and other spheres); contacts between emigrants and their country of origin 
    • Inclusion in or comparisons with migration processes around the world 
  • Anthropological and sociological aspects of Slovenian emigration and migration: 
    • Comparative analysis of forming ethic identity and its manifestations in the everyday lives of the first and subsequent generations of Slovenian emigrants in various continents and countries from a synchronic and diachronic perspective 
    • Returning home (problems with adjusting to the original environment) 
    • Placement in various contexts across all segments of social analysis 
  • Slovenian emigrant literature: 
    • Historical overview starting with early emigrant literary forms in the nineteenth century 
    • Flourishing of Slovenian emigrant literature in the 1920s and 30s 
    • Independent development of emigrant literature in the second half of the twentieth century 
    • Return of Slovenian literature after 1990 
    • The problem of ghettoization of emigrant literature in Slovenian literary history 
    • The issue of literary bilingualism in emigrant authors 
    • Contemporary issues of literary production among emigrants 

 

Readings

  • Castles, S. in M.J. Miller. 1998. The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World. London.
  • Čebulj Sajko, Breda. 1999. Etnologija in izseljenstvo. Ljubljana.
  • Čebulj Sajko, Breda. 1992. Med srečo in svobodo. Ljubljana.
  • Drnovšek Marjan. 1991. Pot slovenskih izseljencev na tuje. Ljubljana.
  • Drnovšek, Marjan. 1998. Usodna privlačnost Amerike. Ljubljana.
  • Klemenčič, Matjaž. 1987. Ameriški Slovenci in NOB v Jugoslaviji. Maribor.
  • Klinar, Peter. 1976. Mednarodne migracije. Ljubljana.
  • Lukšič – Hacin, Marina. 1995. Ko tujina postane dom, Ljubljana.
  • Lukšič – Hacin, Marina. 1999. Multikulturalizem in migracije, Ljubljana.
  • Valenčič, Vlado. 1990. Izseljevanje Slovencev v tujino do druge svetovne vojne. Dve domovini/Two Homelands, 1.
  • Žitnik, Janja. 2000. Književno delo slovenskih izseljencev, Slavistična revija, 48/2.
  • Žitnik, Janja. 2001. Besedna umetnost slovenskih izseljencev in njeno mesto v sodobni slovenski kulturi, Dve domovini/Two Homelands, 14.
  • Chmelar, Hans. 1974. Höhepunkte der österreichischen Auswanderung: Die Auswanderung aus den im Reichsrat vertretenen Königreichen und Ländern in den Jahren 1905-1911. Dunaj.
  • Čebulj Sajko, Breda. 2000. Razpotja izseljencev. Ljubljana.
  • Friš, Darko. 1995. Ameriški Slovenci in katoliška cerkev 1871-1924. Celovec-Ljubljana-Dunaj.
  • Iseljenec: Življenjske zgodbe Slovencev po svetu. Ljubljana 2001
  • Klemenčič, Matjaž. 1995. Slovenes of Cleveland. Novo mesto.
  • Klemenčič, Matjaž. 1999. Jurij Trunk med Koroško in Združenimi državami Amerike. Celovec-Ljubljana-Dunaj.
  • Kokole, Vladimir. 1986. Migracije v SR Slovenijo iz drugih republik in narodnostna sestava njenega prebivalstva. Geografski vestnik, 58.
  • Lukšič – Hacin, Marina. 2001. Zgodbe in pričevanja: Slovenci na Švedskem, Ljubljana.
  • Malačič, Janez. 1984. Demografske razmere v Sloveniji. Teorija in praksa, 21/7-8.
  • Šifrer, Živko. 1962. Izseljevanje s slovenskega ozemlja. Prikazi in študije, 8/2, Ljubljana.
  • Šmitek, Zmago. 1986. Klic daljnih svetov. Ljubljana.
  • Vogelnik, Dušan. 1965. Razvoj prebivalstva Slovenije zadnjih dvesto let z jugoslovanske in evropske perspektive. Ekonomski zbornik, 7, Ljubljana.
  • Vogelnik, Dušan. 1961. Demografska statistika. Ljubljana.
  • Valenčič, Vlado. 1990. Izseljevanje Slovencev v druge dežele Habsburške monarhije. Zgodovinski časopis, 44/1.
  • Zwitter, Fran. 1936. Prebivalstvo na Slovenskem od 18. stoletja do današnjih dni. Ljubljana.
  • Žigon, Zvone. 2001. Iz spomina v prihodnost: Slovenska politična emigracija v Argentini.
  • Žitnik, Janja in Helga Glušič ur. 1999. Slovenska izseljenska književnost 1, 2, 3. Ljubljana.

 

Assessment

Students must actively participate in lectures and in discussion classes. This includes ongoing reading of (required) course literature, critical assessment of the material read, and writing short essays based on the literature read. In addition, students write a final paper that they defend in class. The exam combined active participation in lectures and in discussion classes, and the final paper with a defence.

MODULE GENERAL ELECTIVE COURSES

Ecoculture: Studies of Animals and Nature in Folklore, Literature and Culture ǀ

Assoc. Prof. Marjetka Golež Kaučič, Ph.D.,

ECTS: 6

Folk and Literary: Folklore and Intertextual Aspects ǀ

Assoc. Prof. Marjetka Golež Kaučič, Ph.D.,

ECTS: 6

Intertextuality and Cultural Memory ǀ

Prof. Marko Juvan, Ph. D.,

ECTS: 6

Ritual ǀ

Assoc. Prof. Marjetka Golež Kaučič, Ph.D.,

ECTS: 6

Short folklore forms in culture and society ǀ

Asist. prof. Saša Babič, Ph. D.,

ECTS: 6

Slovenian Emigrants between Tradition and the Present ǀ

Prof. Marina Lukšič Hacin, Ph.D.,

ECTS: 6

The Language of Objects: Topics in Slovenian Material Culture ǀ

Prof. Maja Godina Golija, Ph.D.,

ECTS: 6

The Role of Woman in Slovenian Society and Culture ǀ

Assoc. Prof. Mirjam Milharčič Hladnik, Ph.D.,

ECTS: 6

Tradition and Ethics ǀ

Prof. Edvard Kovač, Ph.D.,

ECTS: 6

Tragedy in Theater, Culture, and Society ǀ

Prof. Krištof Jacek Kozak, Ph. D.,

ECTS: 6

Word – Music – Ritual ǀ

Assist. Prof. Metoda Kokole, Ph.D.,

ECTS: 6