Short folklore forms in culture and society
Comparative Studies of Ideas and Cultures (3rd level)Modul:
Course code: 86
Year of study: Brez letnika
Workload: lectures 60 hours, seminar 30 hours
Course type: general elective
Learning and teaching methods: lectures, discussion classes
Objectives and competencies
To familiarize students with the concept of folklore forms within paremiology, folkloristics and linguistic anthropology from historical, theoretical and empirical point of view. Swearwords, proverbs, riddles, incantations and prayers will be considered as the most representative genres from the group of folklore forms. Students will be acquainted with the global and Slovenian history of collecting and researching short folklore forms, the theoretical aspects of individual genres, the analysis of Slovenian archives of folklore forms, and the research of contemporary material and its analysis.
Among the most important educational objectives of the course are: to understand the structure and function of individual short folklore form, i.e. swearwords, proverbs, riddles, incantations, prayers, within the context and time; to understand their role in society and transfer of social aspects, patterns. Important gained competencies are: critical insight into the short folklore forms and intertextuality; the perception of the dynamics of the different uses of short folklore forms, their variability and various public and media discourses, detection and research of (spontaneous and deliberate) variants.
Short folklore forms are the shortest forms of folklore and often a pragmatic part of everyday speech: greeting, swearing, proverb, riddle, incantation, prayer. All these genres are found in relatively fixed, yet constantly changing functions, forms and contexts. Students will learn about individual genres of short folklore forms in context within lessons:
- Definition of swearwords and the characteristics of the use
- Theoretical and methodological points of the swearword research
- Cretivity and changing of swearwords and their use
- Categorization of swearwords
- Contemporary views and uses of swearwords
- Problematics of field collecting of swearwords
- Definition of proverbs
- Theoretical and methodological points of the folklore research of poverbs
- Creativity and modifications of proverbs and their use
- Subgeners and categorization of proverbs
- Intertextuality and its influence on using proverbs
- Proverb and riddle on the genre border
- Contemporary view and uses of proverbs
- Definition of riddles
- Theoretical and methodological points of the riddle research
- Creativity and changing of riddles and their uses
- Sub-genres of riddles and their variability
- Contemporary view and uses of puzzles
Incantation and prayer
- Definition of incantation and prayer
- Theoretical and methodological points of the incantation and prayer research
- Processes of changing of the incantation and prayer use
- Categorisation of incantations and prayers
- Contemporary view and uses of incantation and prayer
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